How to start using privileged chrome.
This is a guide to how to start with testing a chrome XUL application.
- Create a directory somewhere on your disk. Many people put this as a subdirectory inside Mozilla's chrome directory, but this isn't necessary. The directory could be anywhere and on any disk. Put your XUL files in this directory.
- Create a file called contents.rdf and place it in this directory. Copy the text in the box below into the new contents.rdf file. This file is used to identify the application id, its name, author, version and so on.
- Change the highlighted parts of the file above to your own information. The red text 'myapplication' should be the ID of your application. You make this up, but typically, the ID is similar to your application's name. Replace the blue highlighted text above with your application's title and author.
- If the 'chrome:extension' field is true, the application is a Mozilla Firebird Extension and it will show up in the Extensions window of the browser. If false, it will not appear.
- Save the contents.rdf and make sure it is in the directory you created in step 1.
- Open the file <mozilla-directory>/chrome/installed-chrome.txt, where <mozilla-directory> is the directory where Mozilla is installed. Exit Mozilla before you do this.
Next, you are going to register the new application with Mozilla so it will know where to
find it. Add a line at the end of installed-chrome.txt pointing to the new directory you
created in step 1.
Change the highlighted text to the file URL of the directory. Make sure that it URL ends with a slash and that you press enter at the end of the line. If you aren't sure what the URL is, open the directory created in step 1 into a Mozilla browser and copy the URL from the location field. Note that the reference should always be a directory, not a file.
- Delete the file <mozilla-directory>/chrome/chrome.rdf.
- Start Mozilla. You should be able to view any XUL files you put into the directory using a URL of the form: chrome://applicationid/content/file.xul where file.xul is the filename. Your main XUL file should be applicationid.xul which you can load using the shortcut URL chrome://applicationid/content/.
<?xml version="1.0"?> <RDF:RDF xmlns:RDF="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:chrome="http://www.mozilla.org/rdf/chrome#"> <RDF:Seq about="urn:mozilla:package:root"> <RDF:li resource="urn:mozilla:package:myapplication"/> </RDF:Seq> <RDF:Description about="urn:mozilla:package:myapplication" chrome:displayName="Application Title" chrome:author="Author Name" chrome:name="myapplication" chrome:extension="true"/> </RDF:RDF>
If you are creating skin and/or locale portions, repeat the steps above, except that the format of the contents.rdf file is slightly different. Look at the contents.rdf files in other applications for details.
- Open the file <mozilla-directory>/chrome/chrome.rdf. You should find references to your application ID in there. If not, something is wrong with registration. If it is there, you are probably using the wrong chrome URL when you load the file.
- Try deleting the <mozilla-directory>/chrome/chrome.rdf file. It will get regenerated. Also delete the entire <mozilla-directory>/chrome/overlayinfo/ directory if you are using overlays.
- Make sure that the URL in the line you added to installed-chrome.txt ends with a slash and the file itself ends with a blank line.
- On Windows, file URLs are of the form file:///C|/files/app/, where C is the drive letter.
- Make sure the contents.rdf file is in the right directory and is well-formed. Open the contents.rdf file in Mozilla to see if it parses as well-formed XML. If not, you will see an error on a yellow background.
- If you are using a debug build of Mozilla, some info will be printed to the terminal when starting up indicating what chrome applications are being checked. Check if your application is listed.